Brazil is the worlds second largest producer of ethanol fuel. Together Brazil and the US lead all of the industrialized world in the production since 2014. This bahemith of fuel accounts for nearly 83,4 percent off all the worlds production, so its basically Brazil, and everyone else in this regard. In Brazil alone they developed nearly 23.2 billion liters alone. Brazil is considered to be the leaders when it comes to sustainable bio fuels and have the economy cornered. The star of the Ethonol juggernaut in Brazil’s ability to grow the every high sucrose level sugar cane given their climate and regional and longitudinal position. This is something that America simply cannot do other than a few pockets of the southern states. That is why it is not really as good of an option for the US because the only thing we can really do to produce ethonal is through the production of E-85 ethanol which is the product of corn, which has a much lower energy potential than sugar cane. This is an nice alternative when we consider the price point of electric in this field.
Brazil’s 40-year-old ethanol fuel program is based upon the most efficient agricultural technology for sugar cane cultivation in the world. So the entire process of the fuel is clean every step of the way. In the year 2010 the United States EPA declared that Brazilian sugar cane ethanol as an advanced bio fuel because of its 61% reduction of total life cycle green house gas emissions including direct and indirect land use change emissions.
Today there is not a single car that runs on pure gasoline, the entire infrastructure of the nations car and fuel world is based around the notion that ethanol is king. Ever since 1976 the gov of Brazil made it mandatory to blend anhydrous ethanol with gasoline at a mixture rate of about 10 percent to 22 percent depending of the regions and accessibility. This required adjustments to standard engines that run on gasoline. In 1993 the mandatory blend was set at the rate of 22% anhydrous or E22 ethanol.
With ethanol it all starts with the development of the ethanol industry in Brazil which for the past 40 years has made huge investments in the industry. This was coupled with equally sizable investments in the research and development of new Ethanol products. Much of this was placed to the EMBRAPA company a state owned company that is in charge of allied research in agriculture. To give you some perspective into the effectiveness of the company and the development of Ethanol in general in the past thirty years the yields went from 2024 liters per ha in 1975 to 5,917 liters per ha in 2004. This allows for the efficiency of the ethanol production to increase at a rate 3.77% per year. Brazilian Biotec includes include the development of sugar cane varieties among some most diverse. The future of Brazil and the Ethanol world seems bright, even if a large amount of cars switch to electric in the near future they can still benefit from the production of ethanol. This is due to the fact that ethanol offers a great alternative to coal burning to produce electrical.